Indonesia

If you seek a place in the world which has various panoramas of vital nature and tradition, which give you a feverous sensation of discovering, that is Indonesia. Indonesia is the biggest archipelago in the world counting over 17.000 islands. Through virgin rain forest, breathless reef and extended white beaches surround and extraordinary wild life.
The capital Jakarta, located in Java island, is a modern city with over 5 million citizens. Yogyakarta is the origin of the culture of Java and Surakarta and she has the famous splendid royal building “Mangkunegaran”. Several Hindu temples were built in the islands but the most important one is the Borobudur complex.
The monument comprises six square platforms topped by three circular platforms with 1400 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. The structure of the building with ten terraces shows ten phases of spiritual stages towards perfection, through the three realms of s?s?ra. When you climb you can see that the structure evolves into a series of open spaces rathere than in narrow passages as though the rise would symolize the abandonment of desire up the liberation from suffering, or the NirV??A, rapresented by the topo of the monument.

The Second largest island is Sumatra where it is possible to see Toba lake with the landscapes and near there ancient Sumatra people Batak and Lingga live and conserve the tradition of life.
Borneo and Kalimantan are also part of Indonesia, these true natural paradise host several national parks with rare plants and animals such as the black orchids and prehistoric Varani of Komodo island which is totally dedicated to natural land where the prehistoric animals and .lizards, giant lizards un to for meters long.
Finally, you cannot avoid to mention Bali, also know as the “island of gods”, for the beautiful natural scenery and many attracions: the villages of artists, dances and costumes, the biaches and especially the extraorinaly kindness ogf its inhabitants make it one of the most pleasant places in the world. island every year visited by thousands tourists coming from every part of the globe.

BALINESE MASSAGE

The ancient tradition of massage balinese seen to merge into a harmonious whole of the eastern Indian massage techniques, traditional Ayurvedic medicine, Chinese and reflexology. A gentile and energetic massage combined with essential oils. There are many types of massage, each with different healing purposes and / or relaxing, among many remember the Boreh balinese massage created by rice farmers to alleviate the pain with a preparation of a paste of ground spices. Massage is indicated for many ailments, including migraine headaches, muscle and joint pains, sleep disorders, stress, anxiety or depression, as well as allergies and respiratory problems.
Smell is a powerful stimulant for the activation of memory and other unconscious associations. This is why essential oils are an important part in this type of massage. Their use and their fantasy odor act as adjuvants for the circulation of the body and of the lymphatic system, relaxing and regenerating.

DANCE AND MUSIC

The Indonesian archipelago has an extraordinary variety of ethnic groups which still remain intact tribal rites and customs of great ethnographic interest. Some dance of the ancestors or the dance of the end of the harvest season, are always accompanied by elaborate ceremonies and colorful.
Every Indonesian island also boasts a tradition in terms of culture and artistic expression. The special one is the dance, especially in Java and Bali, because the choreography is linked to the narration of historical and religious dramas. The dance and mimicry are taught to young people and if they have talent, they will be sent to special schools of dancing. The show does not need big sets, but a wealth of costumes and the dancers-actors who play with complicated and tortuous movements of hands and feet accompanied by a traditional orchestra called Gamelan. During the Festival dell’Oriente visitors will be transported in the atmospheres of these traditional ceremonies by watching real shows of dance and music from different backgrounds (Java, Bali, Sumatra and Kalimatan).


INDONESIAN DISHES

Typical Indonesian dishes not only have a great taste but also a good presentation. As a matter of fact food include several specialties accompanied by spicy sauces and red pepper.
Most popular food is Rijstafel, a rich traditional buffet made out of rice. In fact, rice is an important ingredient of Indonesian cooking Nasi Goreng (fried rice with meet and egg) and the very spicy dish, Nasi Padang (steamed rice with chicken, fish, shrimp, egg and spices) are also made with rice. Sate (grilled mutton meat on skewers with peanuts or sour-sweet sauce) is also interesting option to choose.
In the Oriental Festival you will have the chance to taste some of these dishes in “Barobudor” where the first Indonesian restaurant ever open in Italy.


HANDICRAFT

Inside the Oriental Festival, you can find various handcrafts produced in all Indonesian islands. Wooden carvings, silver and iron object handmade. Tribal masks and instruments bring visitors inside a real Indonesian atmosphere.

BATIK

Indonesia is the country of very precious fabrics as silk, suits and beautiful batik. Batik is very characteristic from the Java island and the technique is a cloth that traditionally uses a manual wax-resist dyeing technique. Coming from Ceylon and the south of India in XVIII century. The story of Batik is strictly connected with their social life, economy and religions.
First, available only for noble women and then became national costume for the island. The Batik are also present in their important life event such as wedding, circumcision, procreation and illness.
Imported in Europe about at the end of 800 and introduced by National Expo in Paris in 900 with great success, then influenced arts and mode in the world.
Usually Batik fabrics are realized with silk cotton and hemp with unique patterns that normally take themes from every day lives, incorporating patterns such as flower, nature, animals, folklore or people.
Beside Batik, Ikat is also very important texture for them. It is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employs a resist dyeing process similar to tie-dye on either the warp or weft fibres.
Batik and Ikat are created in the whole country and each region has their own style or design.